|Extra wiring can be seen on the far side of the ribbon cable.|
Now having all this set up, the tests gave some rather disappointing results. For one, the thermistor and heater are connected, despite the instructions declaring - in boldface - that they shouldn't be. And indeed, the thermistor insists that my room is over 100C, which I am sure I would have noticed. The X motor and endstop work, but the extruder motor is making a strange faint clicking noise, even when doing nothing. Neither fan activates. This might take a bit to clean up - I even suspect the PCB itself has issues. The hour of remaking the PCB to include the proximity sensor draws near - and finally the otherwise unused cable #5 could come to the fore.
I'm rather concerned about the heater/thermistor connection, though, as it manifests on the controller board even when the heater is disconnected.
Update: The PCB appears to perform its functions exactly as advertised WRT the heater, thermistor, and motor. Disconnecting the ribbon cables from the controller board shows there's a ~1K connection from the lower HOTEND connector to the ETEMP connector.